He knocked them unconscious with stone from a sling and then went to get the sheep out of their mouth but if they woke up he grabbed them by the hair and fatally struck them with his staff. Read Later ; Print. mydigitalseminary At the time in which David lived, there were a lot more predators than there are today. In this case we learn that Saul’s disobedience was even greater than we realized. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. In spite of the fact that Goliath only appears in one chapter in 1&2 Samuel, 4 verses are dedicated to describing his appearance. Happened to my mom. A Prophet, a King, and a Deadly Plan . If Goliath was indeed hit in the legs and not the head, this may increase the chance of a conceptual link between the two texts since the stone hits the feet of the statue. I appreciate your opinion and your diligence in checking out other occurences of the Hebrew word. David was 5ft tall. A slow warrior is a dead warrior. However, v. 51 seems to provide greater detail by noting that (although David had no sword) he drew Goliath’s sword out of its sheath and killed him with it. Hi Jeff thanks for your comment. Even if David was an accomplished fighter, how did he kill Goliath? As another commenter said, if the helmet didn’t fit exactly right, or because of the angle, it could have hit Goliath in the temple- that’s also a pretty good place to hit someone if you want to knock them down. #22 Joseph shall add, Jun 29, 2017. In his account of his battle with Hittite forces at Kadesh in 1274 BC, pharaoh Ramesses II states that a contingent of warriors called ne`arin (Hebrew plural, na`arim) saved the Egyptian army from certain defeat. David killed Goliath with a single stone, hurled from his sling. ("There was no sword in the had of David.") As a Christian and a person who takes upon himself the yoke of instructor, you have a responsibility to God and to the world to teach properly, to not interject your own theories and opinions as truth, to lead people to the light of Christ who embodies Truth itself, and to not lead the masses astray with said theories and opinions. Unarmoured and equipped only with a sling, 5 smooth rocks, and his staff; David defeats the champion Goliath with a well-aimed shot to the head. 5-7). I think the translators of the Bible can discern the difference between the forehead and the shin of a person. Of course, the story of Daniel in the Lion’s den is much more popular. Second, recalling our pictures above, why is Goliath frequently shown falling backwards in artistic renditions of this story? Excellent article, Randy. Several years ago I had the opportunity to speak at an NBA pre-game chapel between the Washington Bullets and Cleveland Cavaliers. David carefully aimed his stone at the knee of Goliath. 15:33). The imposing statue that oppresses God’s people, like Goliath, is brought down with a small Davidic stone. It’s difficult to believe they would fall “face down” as the biblical text states (v. 49). B’ He dispatched him and cut off his head The passage is 1 Samuel 17:50-51. God bless, Favourite answer. I believe it was God’s hand that directed the stone towards his forehead. First, consider the weight of Goliath’s armor. Thanks for your thoughts. Great article, Professor Randy. As Goliath moved in for the kill, David reached into his bag and slung one of his stones at Goliath's head. Posted by Dewayne Bryant in Apologetics, Archaeology, Bible, History. He invoked Gods name covenant the stone them meet its target. God bless! — Looking at All Things Biblically – Jason Bible Church Member. In those days, 7′ 7″ Manute Bol played for the Bullets. Everyone who’s heard this story thinks they know. Note: Unfortunately, I was unable to find a copy of Deem’s or Wong’s articles available on the internet. “Then Dawiḏ ran and stood over the Philistine, and took his sword and drew it out of its sheath and killed him, and cut off his head with it. With no armor, David could strike at a distance and easily evade an opponent weighed down by a massive amount of equipment (vv. I love the way you bring fresh insight to familiar Old Testament texts. Because David was a shepherd and not a soldier, he had a different experience of dealing with enemies. David’s decision to use a sling and wear no armor was a genius tactical decision. This brings us to Saul’s description of David as a “youth.” This is understandable, given the fact that Saul is older and has sons that seem to be around David’s age. In the Qur'an: David killed Goliath (2:251), a giant soldier in … Thanks so much for your comments and research Suzanne. He is described as 'a champion out of the camp of the Philistines, whose height was six cubits and a span' (Samuel 17:4). Third, the helmet covering the forehead doesn’t take away credence from the idea that the stone struck the forehead, but rather lends more credence ( I believe) to the stone sinking (being embedded) into his forehead. Either way, Goliath was a “dead man” from the moment David made his declaration to King Saul, “Your servant has struck down both a lion and a bear, and this uncircumcised Philistine shall be like one of them, for he has defied the armies of the living God!” (1Samuel 17:36, esv). Merab, Saul's daughter. Third, David’s rejection of Saul’s armor is evidence that his trust lies elsewhere. The KJV is not clear on the account, but … 12 Answers. In his monumental biography of David, accomplished biblical scholar Baruch Halpern describes him as a “mere youth” and “delicate little amateur.” Alexander Rofé claims that David was a “lowly youth who makes an ideal fairy-tale hero.” So, how did this little boy kill Goliath? David did not kill Goliath in a city, but rather in a field known as the Valley of Elah. In fact, 4 of the 5 items in 1 Samuel 17:5-7 are mentioned later and shown to be ineffective. The story of David and Goliath begins in a somewhat unusual way. After he killed him, he cut off his head with the sword. Apparently David was ready in the event any of Goliath’s brothers came with him or any of the other so-called giants that came from Gath. When the Philistines saw that their hero was dead, they turned and ran. It may well be that Goliath was struck in the forehead. It has to do with placement of the blow and body weight. I’m not sure how a knee blow can incapacitate a vicious warrior like Goliath. Seems unprecedented given his staus. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. In response to how heavy the armor weighed, remember that Goliath weighed much more. It sounds like a wonderful opportunity. 3. (Check it out on google.) Goliath wore a helmet of bronze, a coat of mail weighing 126 pounds (57.15 kg. The tale of the famous giant-slayer and second king of the Israelites, according to the Hebrew Bible, starts with the slaughter of a tribe – women and men, children and all. This article merely seeks to suggest another possibility based on the Hebrew. The stone hit the giant between the eyes and he fell on the ground. We had an interesting discussion! To assume that you somehow think you’ve found some interpretive discrepancy leading you to convince others that David was aiming at the leg and not the forehead of Goliath is to commit the sin of subtracting from and adding to or twisting God’s word, sins which Christ very specifically spoke against in Revelation. His chances of being able to get off the ground would be impossible in my estimation. Fokkelman argues that “This Hebrew word means ‘front’ and thus is less specific than ‘forehead'” (p. 32). From that moment, the Israelites knew that God’s favor was on David and with time David became the next King of Israel. Scholars often follow a similar path, describing David’s battle with Goliath as the stuff of legend. The very armor that should have protected him, made him vulnerable! One final observation. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Of course a lot of this is speculation without ay of the ballistics info. I think what you’re saying is how it reads in Genesis about Adam & Eve. Goliath could easily kill David with his sword--but only if David were foolish enough to walk right up to Goliath. Interesting. https://biblearchaeology.org/research/judges-united-monarchy/4605-david-mighty-warrior-or-fairy-tale-hero, How Did Little Boy David Kill Goliath With A Slingshot? The point, as Wong shows (“Goliath’s Death and the Testament of Judah,” Biblica, 91 no 3 2010, p 425-432), is that this story has many similarities and clearly alludes to David’s killing of Goliath. The author describes David as a soldier before his encounter with Goliath. But none of the Hebrew soldiers had the courage to face Goliath … From the text, Goliath and David were both advancing toward the battle line (v 48). | Arrow | Stone | Spear | Sword | With what unusual weapon did Shamgar slay 600 Philistines? Now even the unbelieving world knows that David slew Goliath. It looks like he kills them all except King Agag, who is later killed by Samuel (1 Sam. The big issue is a defective spelling of the word Frontal and if you look closer at the grammatical issues you will see the problems. Therefore David ran and stood over the Philistine, took his sword and drew it out of its sheath and KILLED HIM, and cut off his head with it. ("There was no sword in the had of David.") Reading the comments of those who responded to your drivel, I am saddened and angered by what has happened. 2 Kings 3:25; 2 Chronicles 12:2). i could see that knocking him down more effectively than a head shot. “David ran and stood over him. I believe he wasn’t dead until removing the head. The biblical narrator spends a great deal of time describing Goliath’s appearance. Further, the context of 2 Samuel 21:19 makes it clear that it is describing an entirely separate event from David’s slaying of Goliath in 1 Samuel 17:50. A staff sling can launch larger rocks at a higher velocity. Yes, David killed Goliath but indirectly because it was not possible to kill Goliath by a slingshot. In this account, the shepherd David persuades Saul to let him fight Goliath on behalf of the Israelites. I am planning an upcoming article on a recent interpretation of the ostracon found at Khirbet Qeiyafa that suggests it references David’s defeat of Goliath. Thanks for your comment! The only problem I have with it is your description of his armor weighing him down. Hi Lindsay, If we interpret David’s description properly, we see that he is a young soldier of military age (at least 20, cf. But if I win and kill him, you will become our slaves and serve us.\" Goliath continued, \"This very day I dare the soldiers of Israel to send a man down to fight against me.\" - 1 Sam… Associates for Biblical Research. However, modern soldiers regularly carry 200+ pounds on their backs through the toughest terrain. People tell me, "The NIV is more accurate". The David and the Lion Bible Story . Goliath (/ ɡ ə ˈ l aɪ ə θ / gə-LY-əth) is described in the biblical Book of Samuel as a Philistine giant defeated by the young David in single combat.The story signified Saul's unfitness to rule, as Saul himself should have fought for Israel. As Goliath approached wearing his heavy armor, David recognized a vulnerable place in the big man’s attire. A’ The Philistines saw that their hero was dead and ran. So how exactly did David kill Goliath? Thank you! NIV Says "David Didn't Kill Goliath"! If David struck Goliath on the leg, even assuming a broken bone, the Phillistine is by no means out of the fight. Look at the parallels with the Dagon statue falling before the Ark and loosing its head. Here is the problem. I like this theory. Add to that the fact that Goliath was wearing 120 lbs of armor. David declared he would kill Goliath in the name of the Lord. How old was David when he fought Goliath? I wasn’t aware that this weapon existed but this was a fun experiment that made me look at the story of David and Goliath in a new light. There are more accomplished warriors in Saul’s service, but David’s skill with a sling enables him to catch Goliath by surprise. Hi Bill, - John 15:5b Choose one of your men. David had to fight Goliath (and thankfully God used the fight to bring David to prominence) because the people of Israel accepted the PREMISE that Goliath had thrown out instead of determining for themselves what should be done.  Baruch Halpern, David’s Secret Demons: Messiah, Murderer, Traitor, King (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2010), 10. Who knows, maybe the stone might have ruptured a ligament or two? I appreciate the info on the LXX, I hadn’t checked that out. Here’s how it reads in the ESV. That’s a personal opinion though & I know those don’t mean squat. David did (1 Samuel 17:50) - "Thus David prevailed over the Philistine with a sling and a stone, and he struck the Philistine and killed him; but there was no sword in David’s hand." Thanks for your thoughts Beth. it seems to me, a stone from a sling would much more likely embed in a brass helmet without dealing a lethal blow (as you point out the lethal blow was David cutting off his head) than a direct impact with the forehead. Bible Story: David Kills Goliath; Ref: 1 Samuel 17:1-51. Because David was becoming more popular than him. Boogaart’s analysis…seems best: Verse 50 is the narrator’s personal comment, stating that David ‘killed’ Goliath (eventually) and anticipating ‘the death of Goliath which is not recorded until verse 51.’ That is, David did not kill Goliath with an Israelite sword (v. 50); irony of ironies, he did it with Goliath’s own sword…Baldwin, 128, summarizes: ‘The stone had stunned the giant, and now the sword must kill him.'”. The Hebrew word for “testicles” is a completely different word. (click here for Goliath’s Death Part 2). The thought/prospect of David hitting Goliath in the “knee” vs. the “head” is not merely provocative for the purpose of further study/discussion, it also adds an irony to the story that I had never considered before: that David (quite possibly) brought down all 9′ 9″ of the hulking Goliath, not with a divinely guided stone to the head, but with one to the knee cap — which may have been level with David’s sight line. Revelation 22:18-19. Since David was a young teen at the time, everyone thought it was funny that he wanted to face Goliath. This proves Lord only killed Goliath because when David put a stone in his sling and swung the sling, Lord was holding the head of Goliath and that’s why he fell to the ground face down. Soldiers had to have maneuverability and speed when fighting, and they could not afford to let anything slow them down. 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