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At the time of the Spanish-American War he was a pacifist, denouncing militarism and the arms race as unchristian. The Congo Reform Association was founded in England for the purpose of raising opinion against the regime of Leopold II of Belgium and to compel reform of conditions. His effort failed to prevent a discussion of the question and he did not escape criticism for his intervention. Despite this fatal blow to the Americanizers as a whole, Gibbons continued to play the role of spokesman of the Catholic Church in America splendidly. Life of Cardinal Gibbons, Archbishop of Baltimore V2. He believed his archdiocese well endowed in personnel and institutions, which, in fact, it was. Birmingham and Glasgow 1917 [11], According to historian John Tracy Ellis, as Gibbons suggested, religious jealousy and commercial rivalry did play a part in the movement for reform, but the evidence still weighed heavily against the Belgian government as having been guilty of serious exploitation of the native population. [2], In 1865, Gibbons was made private secretary to Archbishop Martin John Spalding. On January 28, 1924, at St. Michael's Church in Overlea, Maryland, the elections of the council first officers was held. "[6] His largely defensive stance on Leopold II gained the recognition of then-Pope Pius X. The Encyclopedia of American Catholic History (Collegeville, MN: The Liturgical Press, 1997). In 1899 Pope Leo XIII sent Gibbons an encyclical, known by its first words in Latin Testem benevolentiae nostrae ("Concerning New Opinions, Virtue, Nature and Grace, with Regard to Americanism"), condemning what was termed "Americanism". On June 30, 1861, Gibbons was ordained to the priesthood by Archbishop Francis Kenrick of Baltimore at the Baltimore Cathedral. At Vatican Council I, where he was also the youngest bishop, he voted in favor of papal infallibility. "[6], A less flattering account of Cardinal Gibbon’s involvement is given in Adam Hochschild’s King Leopold’s Ghost: "[King Leopold’s] representatives in Rome successfully convinced the Vatican that this Catholic king was being set upon by unscrupulous Protestant missionaries. OC BX4670 .E3 1888 [4] p. : illustrations, plates, mounted portraits ; 43 cm "Edition de luxe. The fourth of six children, James Gibbons was born in Baltimore, Maryland,[1] to Thomas and Bridget (née Walsh) Gibbons. New York R. & T. Washbourne, Ltd. 10 Paternoster Row, London, and at Manchester. Together they won Roman approval for The Catholic University despite the opposition of Archbishop Michael Corrigan of New York and the Jesuits. He was an acquaintance of every president from Andrew Johnson to Warren G. Harding and an adviser to several of them. At the outset of World War I he was a strong proponent of preparedness, and during its course urged Catholic men to go forth and be proud of their wounds. Five years before his death the Baltimore Sun had said the same. In 1877, Gibbons was appointed Archbishop of Baltimore, the premier episcopal see in the United States. Gibbons responded "I fear, that this agitation against King Leopold's administration is animated partly by religious jealousy and partly by commercial rivalry. Like Carroll he was tireless in his praise of American virtues, institutions, and principles. Though in print he continued to champion the cause of the working class, in practice his dealings with labor unions left much to be desired. Gibbons made a number of converts, but finding the apologetical works available inadequate for their needs, he determined to write his own; Faith of Our Fathers[1] would prove the most popular apologetical work written by an American Catholic.[4]. This scarce antiquarian book is a facsimile reprint of the original. ), Another angle on the same event at Sagamore Hill (QuickTime 3mb), James Cardinal Gibbons (Catholic University Archives), Cardinal Gibbons (Maryland Historical Society), Cardinal Gibbons Day October 16, 1911 (MHS), Cardinal Gibbons & Theodore Roosevelt (MHS), Golden Jubilee Celebration at Basilica of the Assumption (MHS), Cardinal Gibbons' Cortege passes Washington Monument (MHS), List of churches in the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Baltimore, Basilica of the National Shrine of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, National Shrine of St. Elizabeth Ann Seton, Basilica of Saint Mary of the Immaculate Conception, Norfolk, Benedictine College Preparatory, Richmond, Holy Cross Regional Catholic School, Lynchburg, Peninsula Catholic High School, Newport News, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=James_Gibbons&oldid=992416406, Burials at the Basilica of the National Shrine of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, St. Mary's Seminary and University alumni, Contributors to the Catholic Encyclopedia, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Pages using S-rel template with ca parameter, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 December 2020, at 04:14. Find 2430 real estate homes for sale listings near Cardinal Gibbons School in Baltimore, MD where the area has a median listing price of $210,000. Jack Melnicoff, Class of 1999. When German discontent surfaced again in what was called the “Cahensly affair,” Gibbons delivered in 1891 a forceful sermon in the cathedral of Milwaukee denouncing those who would “sow tares of discord in the fair fields of the Church in America.”. Ellis, John Tracy. His public utterances commanded increasing attention. Motto: Emitte Spiritum Tuum. [4], On March 3, 1868, Gibbons was appointed the first Apostolic Vicar of North Carolina and Titular Bishop of Adramyttium by Pope Pius IX. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1989. A part of Gibbons’ popularity derived from the works he authored. [2], He then served as a curate at St. Patrick's Church in Fells Point for six weeks before becoming the first pastor of St. Brigid's Church[3] in Canton. Upon Bayley’s death on October 3, 1877, Gibbons became archbishop of the premier see. [5] He received his episcopal consecration on the following August 15 from Archbishop Spalding, with Bishops Patrick Neeson Lynch and Michael Domenec, CM, serving as co-consecrators. Gibbons was elevated to the rank of cardinal in 1886. He assumed the additional duties of Apostolic Administrator for the Diocese of Richmond, Virginia, in January 1872. To install click the Add extension button. Gibbons was elevated to the rank of cardinal in 1886. As ranking prelate he presided over the annual meetings of the archbishops that began in 1890. Gibbons successfully defended the Knights of Labor, which had a significant Catholic membership, from papal censure, thereby winning a reputation as labor's friend. Satolli’s initial sympathy for the liberals was indicated not only by his support of the Faribault plan but also by his lifting of the excommunication of Edward McGlynn imposed by Archbishop Corrigan. As the archdiocese he governed grew in prestige, it declined in proportion to the numerical and institutional indices that marked the growth of other archdioceses. lekker winkelen zonder zorgen. Quietly he worked to defuse the lay Catholic Congress movement while praising the layman’s efforts. Protestant Americans looked often to Gibbons for an explanation of the Catholic position on contentious issues. Cardinal Gibbons School Alumni Class List . He also enjoyed remarkable health until a few days before his death on March 24, 1921, at the age of eighty-seven years and eight months. "For one of the few times in Gibbons' long life, his normally keen judgment went astray and exposed him to the charge of partisanship and of ignorance of the facts governing an issue. The Catholic Encyclopedia, Pallen, Condé. New York: E.P. 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